LMP Seminar (video conference): Designer active matter: from self-propelled particles to biomimetics
May 26, 2020
14:00 - 15:30
Dr. Hanumantha Rao Vutukuri
- Soft Materials Lab, Department of Materials, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland
Max-Planck-Institut für Dynamik und Selbstorganisation (MPIDS)
Link to the talk: https://zoom.us/j/96266444298
MPIDS / LMP
Active matter systems consume internal or extract energy from their local environment in order to generate their own motion. Designing self-propelled particles is currently a subject of vast interest in active soft matter for a variety of reasons. First, their collective motion bears a striking resemblance with their more complex natural counterparts. Second, they serve as model systems to study intrinsically out-of-equilibrium systems and display rich collective phenomena such as active clustering, segregation, and anomalous density fluctuations.
In this talk, I will present some design strategies to develop novel self-propelled and biomimetic systems. In the first part of my talk, I introduce three systems: rotators, artificial flagella-like swimmers , and particles whose propulsion direction can be controlled by light modulation . Using the direction-reversible particles, I demonstrate that the reversibility of the disturbance velocity fields around the particles can be used to drive processes mimicking “fusion-fission” of cellular systems.
In the second part of my talk, I present a simplified biomimetic experimental model system in order to investigate how the cell membrane responds to highly localized point forces from inside, such as those exerted by the cytoskeleton. In our experimental model system, the cell membrane is mimicked by giant unilamellar vesicles of lipid bilayers, and the local internal forces are generated by enclosing self-propelled particles . I demonstrate that the propulsion forces of individual self-propelled particles, as small as ~ 0.1 pN, are sufficient to dramatically distort vesicle shapes and lead to active membrane fluctuations. Our study paves the way for understanding the interplay between local active forces and dynamic vesicle shape deformations. Our results may also aid in understanding the conditions under which cells change their shape either locally or globally and advance the design of artificial systems, such as small-scale robotic systems and synthetic cells.
1. H. R. Vutukuri, et al., Rational design and dynamics of self-propelled colloidal bead chains: from rotators to flagella, Scientific Reports, 7, 16758 (2017).
2. H. R. Vutukuri, et al., Light-switchable propulsion of active particles with reversible interactions, to appear in Nat. Communi. (2020).
3. H. R. Vutukuri, et al., Sculpting vesicles with active particles: Less is more, under revision.