LFPB Seminar: The impact of iron on biological nitrogen fixation in the ocean

LFPB Seminar

  • Datum: 30.11.2023
  • Uhrzeit: 14:15 - 15:15
  • Vortragende(r): Dr. Wiebke Mohr
  • MPI for Marine Microbiology, Bremen, Germany
  • Ort: Max-Planck-Institut für Dynamik und Selbstorganisation (MPIDS)
  • Raum: Seminar room 0.79
  • Gastgeber: MPI-DS
  • Kontakt: oliver.schlenczek@ds.mpg.de
Biological nitrogen (N2) fixation is yet the largest source of fixed nitrogen (N) to the ocean and therefore exerts control on ocean productivity. The nitrogenase enzyme, which converts inert N2 gas into bioavailable ammonia, has a high iron (Fe) requirement, and Fe fluxes to the ocean, frequently dust-borne, are thought to steer the activity of N2-fixing microorganisms. While experiments on cultivated microorganisms suggest that Fe availability directly influences N2 fixation, shipboard experimental Fe additions to mixed microbial communities often fail to stimulate N2 fixation rates challenging the mechanisms of regulation. The determination of nanoSIMS-based single-cell N2 fixation rates of major cyanobacterial N2-fixers upon Fe addition allows us to investigate the mechanisms of Fe use and the effect of Fe uptake on their activity. Our combined data suggest that the identification of major N2-fixing microorganisms and how they utilize Fe is critical to predict N2 fixation activity in the contemporary and future changing ocean, particularly considering anticipated changes in aeolian dust deposition with climate change.
Zur Redakteursansicht