MPIDS Colloquium: Localization in Biological Networks

MPIDS Colloquium

  • Datum: 03.02.2021
  • Uhrzeit: 14:15 - 15:15
  • Vortragende(r): Prof. Dr. David Nelson
  • Lyman Laboratory of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
  • Ort: Max-Planck-Institut für Dynamik und Selbstorganisation (MPIDS)
  • Raum: Video conference at Meeting ID: 959 2774 3389 Passcode: 651129
  • Gastgeber: MPIDS / LMP
  • Kontakt:
We describe the spectra and localization properties of the N-site banded one-dimensional highly asymmetric random matrices that arise naturally in sparse neural networks, and also in deep learning models with tunable feed-forward interaction strengths. When N is large, approximately equal num-bers of random excitatory and inhibitory connections lead to spatially localized eigenfunctions, and an intricate eigenvalue spectrum in the complex plane that controls the spontaneous activity and induced response. A finite fraction of the eigenvalues condense onto the real or imaginary axes, with remark-able spectral symmetries and a strongly diverging in the localization length near the origin. When chains with periodic boundary conditions become directed, with a systematic directional bias superim-posed on the randomness, a hole centered on the origin opens up in the density-of-states in the com-plex plane. All states are extended on the rim of this hole, while the localized eigenvalues outside the hole are unchanged. Similar results are obtained for more realistic neural networks that obey "Dale's Law" (each site is purely excitatory or inhibitory). Related problems arise in random ecological net-works and in chains of artificial cells with randomly coupled gene expression patterns.
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